UAE sent its first probe to Mars
The United Arab Emirates was the first Arab state to successfully organize a mission to explore Mars.
The Nadezhda probe was launched today from the Tanegashima Japanese spaceport on the Mitsubishi H-2A rocket. After about an hour of flight, it successfully separated from the carrier and independently headed through space to the red planet, which it should reach in February 2021.
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After seven months of flight, the probe will not land on the surface of Mars, but will enter its equatorial orbit, from where it will observe changes in weather conditions for 687 days (astronomical year). To do this, it is equipped with ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers, as well as a camera that is sensitive to optical and ultraviolet radiation.
The collected data on conditions in the lower atmosphere should help in the organization of future missions with human participation.
By the end of July, following the “Nadezhda”, two more probes will be sent to the red planet. The launch of the Chinese Tianwen-1 is scheduled for July 23, and the Mars 2020 mission with the Perseverence rover organized by the USA and Europe is due to start on July 30.
The UAE government is very interested in the prospect of colonizing the neighboring planet and, in order to conduct research in this direction, even decided to build a technopolis in the middle of the desert with an area of 176 thousand m2, which will be located under huge glass domes.